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Authors: Сенчило, Надія Олексіївна
Keywords: антеїзм
національний характер
реалістична проза
realistic prose
national character
Issue Date: Apr-2015
Publisher: Гуманітарна освіта в технічних вищих навчальних закладах: зб. наук. праць. – К.: Вид-во Європейсь-кого університету, 2015. – Вип. 31. – С. 214-222.
Series/Report no.: Гуманітарна освіта в технічних вищих навчальних закладах;Вип. 31. – С. 214-222.
Abstract: У статті на основі реалістичних творів малих жанрових форм української письменниці О. Кобилянської та турецького письменника С. Коджагьоза акцентується увага на антеїстичній проблематиці як схожому віддзеркаленні самосвідомості двох народів з різним культурним досвідом. Зроблено спробу порівняльного аналізу новел О.Кобилянської «На полях» та С. Коджагьоза «Насип».
This article is based on realistic works of short genre forms by Ukrainian writer O. Kobylianska and Turkish writer S. Kodzhahioz. It focuses on the antheism topic as parallel reflections of self-comprehension of the two nations with different cultural backgrounds. The attempt of comparative analysis of novellas «In the Fields» by O. Kobylianska and «The Hillock» by S. Kodzhahioz has been made. The long existence of a human in a certain environment contributes to the emergence of corresponding consciousness modes, perception and apprehension of the reality that are also subsequently transmitted to works of fiction created by such an individual. These existentials, which are typical for a certain nation, become apparent in literary works. Their analysis in the comparative aspect permits to observe common signs in the mentality of national communities which have different historical, spiritual and religious paths of development. Antheistic themes thoroughly permeate the novellas ―In the Fields‖ by O. Kobylianska and ―The Hillock‖ by S. Kodzhahioz and confirm the dominance of an idea about the intrinsic unity between a human being and the nature in Ukrainian and Turkish realistic prose. When comparing the novellas by O. Kobylianska and S. Kodzhahioz, except for similar subjects and partially akin outlooks on the rural living, one can also find differences. Primarily, they appear in the author‘s viewpoint. The viewpoint of O. Kobylianska is somewhat idealistic. Peasants in the novella «In the fields» are deprived of critical attitude towards the reality, whereas the protagonist of the novella «The Hillock» by S. Kodzhahioz has an obvious critical basis, although it remains unfulfilled. A common thing is also that the earth, both in a practical and spiritual sense, manifests itself as the nourishing mother in the consciousness of a Ukrainian and Turkish peasant. The natural world, where an individual is created and fulfills himself, as well as the national culture does, forms the image of a special ethnic community with its peculiar character features and the specific nature of consciousness. That is why the presence of antheistic intensions was observed by the realist writers O. Kobylianska and S. Kodzhahioz in characteristic manifestations of both Ukrainian and Turkish spiritual insight for the traditional attitude towards the earth. They perceive it not just as terrains but rather as a great patrimonial or social value. The problematisation of bonding with the earth in its frontier aspects creates the sociocultural context of a worldview. The national apprehension of the reality, which is scrupulously expressed in the literature, reflects the self-comprehension of nations, their feeling and understanding of their ethnical identity. This phenomenon is an interesting matter for further investigations.
Appears in Collections:Наукові статті НПП кафедри української мови та культури

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